It has been observed that concrete made with equal proportions of 10 mm and 14 mm thick aggregate had lower strengths compared to concrete made with 14 mm and 20 mm aggregates. The aggregate is a key factor in the strength, thermal and elastic properties, dimensional stability, and volume stability of concrete. Cement is more prone to shrinkage, but the inclusion of aggregates in the mixture can help control the level of shrinkage and prevent cracking. Photo 7 - The size distribution of fine to coarse-grained aggregates plays an important role in the workability and performance of concrete.
For a given weight, the larger the maximum size of the aggregate, the smaller the surface area of the coarse-grated aggregates and vice versa. This can be used to reduce cement consumption due to its lower water demand. Additionally, a good track record of local aggregate performance can provide an indication of how it will perform in service. However, a closer look reveals the primary role and influence that aggregate has on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete.
Each region has its own deficiencies in aggregates, but once a combined aggregate gradation is plotted (percent withheld vs. As far as strength is concerned, higher aggregate strength would produce greater concrete strength, provided that other control factors have been adequately addressed. Excess sanding is also used when pumping concrete to allow better flow, as well as when swaging concrete to allow finer details. Changes in gradation, maximum size, unit weight, and moisture content can alter the character and performance of the concrete mix.
Recycled concrete will have a higher absorption and a lower specific gravity than conventional aggregates. If the aggregates are too humid, excess moisture should be subtracted from the expected amount of mixing water. It is important for your concrete producer to purchase good quality aggregates, as verified by regular aggregate test results in accordance with ASTM C 33, Standard Specifications for Concrete Aggregates. This is typically achieved through proper storage of aggregates and reprocessing stockpiles to counteract excessive segregation (Photo.
If there is a deficiency in a locally available fine aggregate, concrete may benefit from the addition of air entrainment, additional cement, or a supplemental cementitious material (SCM) to address these deficiencies. The permitted percentage of harmful substances for fine and coarse-grained aggregates are listed in Tables 1 and 3 of ASTM C 33, respectively. The term concrete aggregates encompasses a variety of products, but they are generally summarized as stone and sand, in coarse-grained and fine grades. In conclusion, it is clear that larger aggregate does make concrete stronger due to its influence on various properties such as strength, thermal and elastic properties, dimensional stability, volume stability, workability and performance. It is important to ensure that good quality aggregates are purchased for use in concrete production and that proper storage and reprocessing techniques are used to counteract excessive segregation.